It is quite difficult to identify termite infestation in your home or business because termites like damp, dark, and warm areas of a home that are out of sight. Unfortunately, you might not be able to ever see the actual termites since they live underground and in the walls of your home.
The US Environmental Protection Agency states that termites rarely emerge from soil, mud tubes, or food sources through which they are tunneling. Most people are not aware they have termites until they see a swarm or come across damage during construction.
“By looking at a single termite, it certainly doesn’t look dangerous or menacing, but a whole colony of them can inflict serious structural damage on a home in a fairly short period of time. Termites are known as “silent destroyers” because of their ability to chew through wood, flooring and even wallpaper undetected. Each year, termites cause about $5 billion in property damage,” reports PestWorld.org.
Here are three main termite species:
Their nest is usually found below ground. When the colony is old and well established, they can live above ground with sufficient moisture conditions to support the above-ground nest. The colonies are made up of Swarmers (alates), workers, soldiers who only eat the softwood with the grain. They are found in all states with the exception of Alaska.
Drywood termite colonies do not need contact with soil moisture nor any other water source. They occur in drywood that may be above ground level and build colonies in structural wood, fence and utility posts, furniture, moldings, door and window frames, etc. They can seriously damage furniture. They also have Swarmers (alates), workers and soldiers. Drywood termites are located in southern states, from North Carolina through the Gulf Coast and into the coastal areas of California.
“Dampwood termites infest wood with a high moisture content. Dampwood termites are normally larger in size than other termite species. They do not usually infest structures because of the low moisture content of wood in structures, however, care must be taken to avoid attracting dampwood termites to a structure. Dampwood termites are found in Pacific coastal and adjacent states, the desert or semi-arid southwest, and southern Florida,” informs Pestworld.org
Since you likely won’t see termites, look for these signs:
Since some of these signs are difficult to detect, it is recommended to have a regular inspection by a pest-control professional.
EPA Safe Pest Control suggests that during construction, use a concrete foundation and leave a ventilation space between the soil and wood. Cover exposed wood surfaces with a sealant or metal barrier.
Maintain the Termite Prevention Features
If you see any evidence of termites in your home or business, contact a pest control company immediately to take care of the issue.
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